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Egypt Economic Research Highlights

The Report: Egypt 2022

Located at the geographic centre of the MENA region, Egypt has a well-documented history that has seen it accumulate knowledge and wealth over millennia. Egypt proved resilient during the Covid-19 pandemic...

How is Egypt enhancing its digital transformation agenda?

Egypt, the only country in the Middle East and North Africa not to enter recession during 2020, already exhibited a strong acceleration in digitalisation during the years leading up to the pandemic. However, as with many countries in the region, the Covid-19 outbreak has led to unprecedented and fundamental changes across all industries, largely as a result of digitalisation.

Economic Analysis from Egypt

Overview

How Egypt can build on its legacy of knowledge and trade for growth

Egypt is at the geographic centre of the MENA region, with a well-documented history that has seen it accumulate knowledge and wealth over millennia. It has leveraged the fertile soils of the Nile Delta and its location along global trade routes through the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, as well as the strategically important Suez Canal, completed in the mid-19th century.

Overview

Strong fundamentals support Egypt's economic rebound

gypt’s economy proved resilient during the Covid-19 pandemic, supported by structural changes associated with an ambitious economic reform programme in the years leading up to the crisis. The country was the only one in the MENA region to record positive GDP growth in 2020, reflective of the government’s emphasis on facilitating business continuity and targeting social support with health measures aimed at stemming the spread of Covid-19.

Viewpoint

Girgis Abd El Shahid, Managing Partner, Shahid Law Firm: Viewpoint

On how the changing ecosystem can better support investment

Economic News

Will increased middle class spending fuel the Egyptian economy?

Egypt was one of the few economies to witness positive GDP growth in the first two years of the Covid-19 pandemic, fuelled in part by strong consumer spending. According to a November 2021 report from Fitch Solutions, real household spending expanded by around 7% in both 2020 and 2021 – despite the widespread impact of the pandemic, which hit key sectors such as tourism particularly hard.

Overview

Improving Egypt's logistics infrastructure to facilitate trade

As one of the busiest passenger and cargo centres in Africa, Egypt’s transport and logistics sector is among the country’s priority drivers of economic growth. There have been concerted efforts by the government to leverage and transform the transport network via a substantial 10-year infrastructure plan, which aims to boost foreign trade, and manage urban and economic development.

Economic News

Egypt ramps up oil and gas exploration and boosts production

In the years since 2015, when gas production was low and Egypt had to rely on imports to meet its needs, the government has implemented policies to boost oil and gas output at home. The 2017 Law for Gas Market Activities Regulation helped the authorities attract greater international investment in the offshore segment, and this was further supported by the establishment of the Natural Gas Regulatory Authority.

Economic News

Egyptian start-up ecosystem benefits from public and private funding

Egypt has an established and dynamic start-up ecosystem, with company founders working across verticals to create innovative digital solutions. The country is home to the fourth-largest ecosystem of start-ups in Africa, with 562 active tech start-ups, according to a 2021 report from Disrupt Africa.

How Egypt can build on its legacy of knowledge and trade for growth
Strong fundamentals support Egypt's economic rebound
Girgis Abd El Shahid, Managing Partner, Shahid Law Firm: Viewpoint
Will increased middle class spending fuel the Egyptian economy?
Improving Egypt's logistics infrastructure to facilitate trade
Egypt ramps up oil and gas exploration and boosts production
Egyptian start-up ecosystem benefits from public and private funding
 

Egypt: Focus Reports

Covid-19 Response Report

Report: Major post-pandemic transformations in Egyptian health care

Egypt’s universal health insurance and large national health campaigns have sought to deliver improved health outcomes and broader access to care. Although Covid-19 has affected overall economic activity, it has also catalysed innovation and growth in the health sector.

Focus Report

Focus Report: Positioning Egypt's petroleum and mining sectors for future growth and development

Egypt is well placed to be a centre for trade in many sectors, and its significant oil and gas deposits – combined with efforts to modernise the industry and attract investment – make it a potential energy leader in the region.

Covid-19 Response Report

Report: How Egypt’s infrastructure agenda is driving sophistication in the construction sector

While the construction sector in Egypt was temporarily paralysed during the early months of the pandemic, the infrastructure project pipeline has remained robust.

Covid-19 Response Report

Report: How is Egypt’s digital transformation agenda playing out in light of Covid-19?

While the Covid-19 pandemic severely impacted economies around the world , recent reforms provided Egypt with a more secure economic base for resilience in the face of crisis.

Covid-19 Response Report

Report: What is Egypt's Covid-19 recovery roadmap?

In the past several years Egypt carried out an IMF-backed reform programme to address the country’s fiscal position and improve the business and investment environment.

Focus Report

Covid-19 Recap: What is the post-pandemic outlook for Egypt's banking sector?

In addition to being one of the world's most resilient economies in 2020, Egypt benefits from a well-capitalised banking sector, which remains one of the most important pillars of the economy.

Covid-19 Response Report

Report: How is the pandemic affecting Egypt's construction pipeline

As the only country in the MENA region forecast to grow in 2020, the underlying demand driving the construction sector is set to continue thanks to the country's strong demographic fundamentals and positive macroeconomic outlook.

Report: Major post-pandemic transformations in Egyptian health care
Focus Report: Positioning Egypt's petroleum and mining sectors for future growth and development
Report: How Egypt’s infrastructure agenda is driving sophistication in the construction sector
Report: How is Egypt’s digital transformation agenda playing out in light of Covid-19?
Report: What is Egypt's Covid-19 recovery roadmap?
Covid-19 Recap: What is the post-pandemic outlook for Egypt's banking sector?
Report: How is the pandemic affecting Egypt's construction pipeline
 

Viewpoint

Abdel Fattah El Sisi

Africa has the capability to reach targets set for sustainable development. This necessitates acceleration of our work to build modern infrastructure through the trans-border projects listed as priorities of the African Union, such as the Cairo-Cape Town Highway, north-south power linkages and the Lake Victoria-Mediterranean Sea linkages.

New cities and mega-projects are driving growth in Egypt

During a time of heightened global macroeconomic uncertainty, progress on new cities and mega-projects has helped Egypt maintain positive economic growth during the pandemic. Demographic expansion has fuelled the need for infrastructure and urban expansion, creating significant demand for road, rail and utilities, as well as new housing and government facilities.

Egypt Economic Research & Views

Economic News

The competitive outlook for artificial intelligence in MENA

As part of ongoing efforts to diversify their economies and build a platform for sustainable future growth, MENA nations are increasingly turning towards artificial intelligence (AI).


Economic News

The role of industrial zones in SME growth in emerging markets

As governments across Africa look to bolster the economic potential of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), industrial parks and special economic zones (SEZs) are emerging as key enablers of their development.


Economic News

Can smart cities solve Egypt’s housing shortage?

Architects, property developers and other key stakeholders in Egypt’s construction sector are increasingly embracing digitalisation as the country looks towards smart city solutions to solve its housing shortage.


Video

Private Equity and Venture Capital’s role in Africa’s economic recovery scenario

Bernardo Bruzzone, Africa Regional Editor at Oxford Business Group (OBG), recently held a discussion with Alexis John Ahyee, Executive Director for West and Central Africa of HEC Paris, and with Nadia Kouassi Coulibaly, Head of Research of African Private Equity and Venture Capital Association (AVCA).


Economic View

Osama Ezzo, Managing Director, Nile Development & Investment

On the business environment for private equity after Covid-19


Video

How has Egypt's ICT sector responded to Covid-19?

As part of its ongoing research into the impact of Covid-19 on the Egyptian economy, Oxford Business Group’s Regional Editor Harry van Schaick recently interviewed the country's Minister of Communications and Information Technology, Amr Talaat, to explore his insights into how the pandemic has affected the country's digital transformation agenda.


Egypt in the Region: Reports from MENA

Focus Report

Focus Report: Post-pandemic trends and opportunities on African stock exchanges

This Focus Report highlights the key trends and opportunities that have emerged in the financial sector, and showcases how market actors were able to support economies, investors and companies during the pandemic.

Focus Report

Focus Report: How can agriculture in Africa meet the challenges of the future?

This focus report explores avenues to boost productivity through circular and green economy practices, such as water reuse and converting organic waste into productive inputs, alongside climate-smart interventions.

Focus Report

Report: How is the Covid-19 pandemic re-shaping the global oilfield services sector?

The global oil industry had yet to recover from the price crash of 2014-15 by the time the pandemic hit in early 2020.

Focus Report

Focus Report: Investment opportunities in African economic zones

Economic zones in Africa have had a significant impact on trade volumes across the continent, as well as on job creation and foreign direct investment inflows.

Video

Video: Libya's strong economic rebound and investment opportunities

In this Growth & Recovery video, Oxford Business Group (OBG) analyses Libya’s promising prospects, as the country looks to build on a strong economic rebound, supported by rising oil prices, increased stability and plans to diversify the economy. The video also marks OBG's return to the key north-African market.

The Report

The Report: Mauritania’s strategies to attract foreign investment

Leveraging its ample natural resources, Mauritania is working to add more value to traditional sectors such as mining, agriculture and fisheries, while also seeking new sources of revenue to achieve sustainable and inclusive growth and job creation, particularly for young people.

Video

Highlights from our Morocco Economic Recovery Report

Oxford Business Group has recently launched its “Morocco Economic Recovery Report”, produced in partnership with the Moroccan Agency for the Development of Investment and Exports (AMDIE).

Focus Report

Focus Report: How is Africa positioned as a destination for data centres?

With a large youth population and growing network penetration, Africa has demonstrated its ability to innovate and technologically leapfrog mature markets.

Focus Report: Post-pandemic trends and opportunities on African stock exchanges
Focus Report: How can agriculture in Africa meet the challenges of the future?
Report: How is the Covid-19 pandemic re-shaping the global oilfield services sector?
Focus Report: Investment opportunities in African economic zones
Video: Libya's strong economic rebound and investment opportunities
The Report: Mauritania’s strategies to attract foreign investment
Highlights from our Morocco Economic Recovery Report
Focus Report: How is Africa positioned as a destination for data centres?
 

Rethinking the future of the agriculture sector through sustainability and modernisation

For many countries across Africa, agriculture remains one of the most important sectors of the economy. Agriculture accounts for 14% of total GDP in sub-Saharan Africa, and a majority of the continent’s population is employed in the sector.

ESG Research & Views - Egypt and beyond

Economic News

Creative climate finance in Africa

While uncertainty abounds in global energy markets amid Russia’s ongoing invasion of Ukraine, African leaders are increasingly looking to the private sector to finance investment in clean energy ahead of the COP27 UN Conference on Climate Change, to be held in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt in November 2022.


ESG CEO Survey

ESG CEO Survey: Is the board room getting greener?

Across government departments, corporate board rooms and management meetings, the implementation of environmental, social and governance (ESG) strategies is at the forefront of current planning. It is not just a symbolic tick in the box either. Shareholders and investors are increasingly factoring ESG strategy and trajectory into their decision-making, and consumers are similarly becoming more aware of the fairness and sustainability of the goods they use, the clothes they wear and the services they pay for.


Economic News

How can the tourism industry achieve net zero?

The global tourism industry – which accounted for 10% of GDP yet 8% of global emissions in 2019 – is faced with the challenge of ensuring continued growth while at the same time working towards net-zero emissions goals. Several stakeholders in emerging markets and further afield offer useful case studies to understand what a decarbonised future for the industry could look like.


Economic News

What does the future hold for Islamic finance?

After remaining resilient in 2020, the Islamic finance segment is performing strongly this year, as an improved economic environment, a rise in the number of large projects and an increased focus on environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors combine to drive demand.


Economic News

How are MENA nations moving to bolster food security?

Nations in the MENA region have been intensifying efforts to increase their food security, with Russia's invasion of Ukraine the most recent geopolitical event to underline the fragility of global supply chains, as well as the importance of agricultural self-sufficiency.


Economic News

Why are global food prices rising, and what does it mean for emerging markets?

Despite an increase in crop production and international trade following a pandemic-disrupted 2020, global food prices have risen to 10-year highs, increasing pressure on many emerging markets.


Economic News

Can insurance companies help drive the shift towards decarbonisation?

As environmental, social and governance (ESG) concerns become increasingly important in the corporate world, insurance companies are emerging as potentially key players in the shift away from fossil fuel-powered projects.


ESG Intelligence Reports: MENA

ESG Intelligence Report

The road to a zero-emission automotive industry in the Middle East and Africa

Automotive stakeholders are increasingly aware that the business-as-usual scenario that has sustained the industry for more than 100 years is no longer tenable. Regulatory changes and emissions-reduction targets at the national and global level are spurring a pivot to low-carbon and zero-emissions vehicles.

ESG Intelligence Report

How can sustainable finance support the transformation of hydrocarbons-dependent economies?

At a time when sustainable finance is reaching maturity in more developed markets, regulators and financial services providers across emerging markets are working to adapt environmental, social and governance (ESG) principles to the local economic, social and cultural context.

ESG Intelligence Report

How can the benefits of the digital economy be extended to all segments of Saudi society?

Saudi Arabia’s long-term vision for economic advancement and diversification is underpinned by commitments that are aligned with ESG principles, with a focus on easing dependence on fossil fuels, expanding opportunities to all segments of society and enhancing the effectiveness of government services. Digital transformation will be key to the full realisation of the vision, with technological innovations helping to accelerate inclusive growth and unlock latent potential.

ESG Intelligence Report

How can Saudi Arabia finance sustainable industrial development?

As the Kingdom works towards reaching net-zero carbon emissions by 2060, corporations and supporting bodies such as the Saudi Industrial Development Fund are taking actions to reduce their carbon footprints and adopt clear environmental, social and governance (ESG) policies to ensure future expansion is sustainable and inclusive.

ESG Intelligence Report

How Qatar is confronting environmental and social challenges

With the publication of its National Environment and Climate Change Strategy in 2021, Qatar has recognised that a proactive and holistic approach is needed to meet the challenge of global warming and environmental degradation. The adoption of circular economy principles is central to its goal of achieving a more sustainable economic model, with waste materials from production and distribution across a broad range of activities being collected, treated and recycled back into the value chain as cleanly as possible.

ESG Intelligence Report

Can heavy industry support Saudi Arabia’s sustainability ambitions?

COP26 has focused the world’s attention on the need for a more sustainable economic model that ensures profits and growth are not achieved at the expense of ecological health and social well-being. Business and political leaders in Saudi Arabia are increasingly aware of the need to move beyond the bottom line and pursue strategies for long-term value creation that address the needs and concerns of all stakeholders.

The road to a zero-emission automotive industry in the Middle East and Africa
How can sustainable finance support the transformation of hydrocarbons-dependent economies?
How can the benefits of the digital economy be extended to all segments of Saudi society?
How can Saudi Arabia finance sustainable industrial development?
How Qatar is confronting environmental and social challenges
Can heavy industry support Saudi Arabia’s sustainability ambitions?
 
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