We understand that cybersecurity is mandatory. It's a huge risk that we're facing, and most of the countries are not well prepared for it. There is a challenge and there is the action and the reaction between the cyber attacks and trying to defend your own assets. In 2017 the government issued a royal decree to establish a National Cybersecurity Authority. It started to work in 2018. Most of the government agencies now are upgrading their cybersecurity to protect their local data, their processes, their servers, and their storages in order to mitigate all the issues that might happen before and after the cyber attacks. In 2019 Saudi Arabia has been ranked the top Arab nation and 13th in the world for its commitment to cybersecurity. Saudi Business Machines proudly contributed to the achievement of Saudi Arabia. We have established our own information security operation centre. Which is the 80-PC advanced threat protection centre where we really serve our customers 24/7.
New technologies can be used to create digital twin, where two digital replicas of the virtual and actual physical assets work together. For example, processes, people, systems, devices, can really be utilized. The Internet of Things, the IoTs help to collect data from the internet and then all this data can be analysed through the artificial intelligence. All these new technologies require this infrastructure that requires the 5G. We are in the first few steps of the 5G to be implemented here in Saudi.
The new start-ups, these small and medium companies are interested in working with local content. But unfortunately, sometimes they don't have the right encouragement. There is a big challenge in front of the government and the private sector together to help these start-ups and the content incubators. We can also help them by forming certain consortiums. These teams of consortiums should be a combination of business consultants, system integrators, public sector organisations, and definitely investors for digital transformation. This would help the local content and help start-ups to really bring their own content into the market.