• Tax

    In collaboration with a leading local accountancy firm, OBG provides an overview of the tax system, including information on corporate, sales and income taxes. Other topics include repatriation of profits, capital movements, investment incentives, Customs duties and free zones.
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The value-added tax (VAT) regime in Ghana can be complicated, as it blends both the features of a traditional sales tax, which lacks the ability to claim credit for some aspects of the tax incurred by a business – and a pure VAT, where claims are permitted for input taxes incurred. The tax was first introduced in 1995, and meant to replace...


The National Identity Card has been a positive development for the country. It started in 2017, and we have seen significant progress in card registration in recent years. It is becoming an important identification card both for Ghana and the ECOWAS subregion. The card, which is issued by the National Identification Authority, is generally...


The Ghana Revenue Authority (GRA) is the agency mandated to assess and collect taxes in the country. It enforces tax-related legislation, and acts as an arbitrator in the event of a dispute. It falls under the umbrella of the Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning.

Chapter | Tax from The Report: Ghana 2022

In conjunction with PwC, this chapter explores the taxation system and Ghana’s efforts to build an investor-friendly environment. It also contains an interview with Vish Ashiagbor, Country Senior Partner, PwC Ghana.

As Africa’s largest gold miner and the world’s second-largest cocoa producer, Ghana has witnessed steady growth in recent years. While the country was impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic, it navigated the crisis better than many of its income-level peers, in large part thanks to measures aimed at boosting public revenue. Ghana aims to improve its fiscal deficit in 2022 to 7.4% of GDP.

With a population of over 200m, Nigeria is a large and diversified economy, despite the government’s reliance on oil and gas revenue. While the Covid-19 pandemic and subsequent oil price crash caused a contraction in economic growth in 2020, it also led to rapid digitalisation across commerce, education and communication. This shift is expected to put Nigeria in a favourable position for recovery in the medium term.

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