A significant milestone was reached in 2012 when Colombia finally surpassed 1m barrels per day (bpd) in crude oil production. However, this achievement masks the fact that at 2012 production levels, the country will run out of oil reserves in less than six years, despite its new status as the third-largest producer of crude in South America. Investment into exploration of hydrocarbons, particularly of non-conventional resources, will be key to sustaining production levels in the medium to long…
Energy & Utilities
From The Report: Colombia 2013
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The energy sector reached a milestone in 2012 as crude oil production surpassed 1m barrels per day. Colombia’s current generation capacity of 14,420 MW is supplied primarily by hydroelectric power, which accounts for just over two-thirds of the total, with the remainder coming primarily from natural gas- and coal-fired thermoelectric plants. Since 2008 natural gas production has seen private sector output grow at 22.9% year-on-year. The sector has also seen the emergence of a biofuels industry as legislation mandating the use of biofuel mixes created domestic demand for the alternative energy source. Deficient infrastructure and security concerns continue to pose a challenge to the sector.
This chapter includes interviews with Frederico Renjifo Vélez, Minister of Mines and Energy; Juan Esteban Calle, Empresas Públicas de Medellín; and Germán Arce Zapata, President, National Hydrocarbons Agency.