Saudi Arabia Articles & Analysis

Home to an estimated 15% of the world’s proven oil reserves and the single-largest economy in MENA, Saudi Arabia is a key regional and global player. The Vision 2030 blueprint sets out regulatory, budget and social reforms that will be implemented over the coming decade as the nation sets about curbing its reliance on crude oil production and export, which accounted for 43.5% of GDP in 2018.

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Saudi Aramco has listed shares on the Saudi Stock Exchange (Tadawul) in the world’s biggest-ever initial public offering (IPO). Shares began trading on December 11, and Saudi Aramco’s stock rose by 10%, the Tadawul’s daily limit.

The pharmaceutical industry in Saudi Arabia is set to expand significantly amid government efforts to roll out broad-based reforms to the health care system.

Saudi Arabia has rapidly been increasing its business footprint overseas, last year tripling its foreign direct investment (FDI) outflows.

International access to Saudi equities continues to grow on the back of reforms to capital markets and the recent inclusion of dozens of stocks in an influential emerging markets index.

Rising energy demand and a commitment to divert hydrocarbons to processing and export has incentivised a shift toward renewables in Saudi Arabia, with the Kingdom set to become the region’s largest market for wind energy components and services.


How can capital markets help to fulfil Vision 2030?