Egypt Economy

Chapter | Country Profile from The Report: Egypt 2020

One of the world’s oldest civilisations, Egypt has long been central to the development of the MENA region and has built an extensive international trade network, benefitting from its location at the crossroads of Europe, Africa and Asia. As the world’s 14th-most populous country and the most populous nation in the Arab world, Egypt also benefits from a large, rapidly expanding population....

With one of the biggest consumer markets in the region and robust fundamentals, Egypt is well placed to attract international investment and emerge from this difficult period in a strong position. Although the Covid-19 pandemic has caused considerable disruption, the government’s ongoing reform efforts have helped to mitigate the worst effects of the crisis.

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Prior to the onset of the global Covid-19 pandemic an ambitious programme of economic reform had succeeded in accelerating Egypt’s growth and reducing its fiscal deficit. The creation of a more business-friendly environment and the streamlining of the country’s bureaucracy has seen Egypt rise steadily in global rankings. This progress has,...

 

Egypt is working to establish itself as a leading destination for foreign direct investment (FDI). These efforts were spearheaded by the promulgation of a new investment law in 2017, which sought to significantly improve the legal framework for investors. While the impact of the legislation appeared to be muted, FDI inflows rebounded in both...

 

The onset of a Covid-19-induced global recession has affected both labour markets and financial flows around the world. At the confluence of these two are remittances, which have increasingly been among the top contributors to GDP in many emerging markets over recent decades. In April 2020 the World Bank predicted that remittances to low- and...

 

To what extent will the global outbreak of Covid-19 affect Egypt’s economic progress?

 

The Egypt Vision 2030 strategy is more of a statement of broad economic intent than a precise roadmap. However, against the backdrop of the global Covid-19 pandemic and with government policy focused on short-term mitigation efforts, the document provides as a useful reminder of the nation’s long-term economic ambitions. Launched in 2016, the...

 

What are the key economic priorities following completion of the IMF-backed reform programme?

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