Banking and fintech
So within this context we are very excited about all the opportunities built in institutional banking or in consumer banking fintech, e-commerce, and all the digital players. We used to compete against each other in the banking sector. Now we are moving to collaboration. We found that it is now time to collaborate with all these new players, that you need to create solutions. There are solutions that need to be co-created by the banking sector and the fintech sector. This co-creation structure between the banks and fintechs will be the role model going forward.
The Indonesian banking sector is in quite good shape. If you see the capital ratio, the liquidity ratio, the credit growth and the growth of deposits in the past few years, you know they are quite robust. The interest margin for Indonesia is close to 5%, a very attractive market for investors.
The entrepreneurial ecosystem
The entrepreneurial spirit of Indonesia is fantastic, and we really have high bets and high hopes that the SME sector will be the big driver for the Indonesian economy going forward. It could be lending directly to them or we can lend to, say, e-commerce, the fintech players that facilitate the SMEs, which will further accelerate the growth of the SME sector. Indonesia will between 2030 and 2040 hit what we call the “demographic sweet spot”, which is presenting an opportunity that by 2045, hopefully, if we have the right growth environment, the right job environment, that Indonesia will join the ranks of high-income countries.