• Legal Framework

    In-depth coverage of the local legal framework for business is an integral part of OBG’s analysis. Working in partnership with a leading local law firm, we review foreign investment laws, ownership restrictions, requirements for local partners and labour laws, among other topics.
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The most recent amendments to Bahrain’s Legislative Decree No. 21 of 2001 promulgating the Commercial Companies Law were ratified in January 2018, and built upon the shareholder-friendly trends of the 2014 and 2015 amendments to the decree.

Chapter | Legal Framework from The Report: Bahrain 2019

In recent years Bahrain has seen the introduction of a series of laws designed to further develop the kingdom’s financial sector, facilitate local and foreign investment, and promote Bahrain as a transparent, secure and cost-effective place to do business in the MENA region. Contains a viewpoint from Hatim Q Zu’bi, Zu’bi & Partners Attorneys & Legal Consultants.

Despite its diversified economy, Bahrain has nonetheless faced pressures in recent years as a result of the 2014-15 drop in global oil prices. However, a multibillion-dollar aid package from other Gulf states and an accompanying fiscal adjustment plan, as well as growth following a partial oil price recovery and a major oil and gas discovery, offer hope for an economic turnaround in 2019.


Côte d’Ivoire is a civil law country. As such, the legal system does not rely on prior decisions, but is instead structured by several different specific codes. The supreme law of the country is the constitution adopted by referendum on October 30, 2016.


Similar to other ECOWAS member states such as Senegal, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde and Mali, Côte d’Ivoire has implemented a personal data protection legal framework in line with the ECOWAS Supplementary Act A/SA.1/01/10 on Personal Data Protection (2010).


During the Cabinet statement given on August 1, 2018, the government introduced a new investment code to replace the previous one, which had been in force since 2012. The latest code is the third reiteration of the original investment code adopted in 1995. According to Emmanuel Essis Esmel, secretary of state for promoting investments in the...