• Environment

    OBG reports on the growing awareness of environmental concerns, how they affect industrial development and the steps being taken to address attendant problems. Many countries are establishing environmental agencies to seek out ways to cut pollution and waste, as well as to introduce conservation and recycling measures.
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With a new administration in place, local and international players in Peru have regained optimism. As one of South America’s top performers due to its reforms and fiscal discipline, the country is benefiting from rising commodity prices and an export-oriented mining sector. In addition, 2018 brought increased public expenditure, with notable rises in the budgets for education, health, infrastructure and reconstruction.

In its April 2018 Economic Monitor for Thailand, the World Bank reported that GDP growth accelerated to 3.9% in 2017, from 0.91% in 2014, 2.94% in 2015 and 3.23% in 2016. This was the fastest expansion since the 7.24% recorded in 2012, and was driven by strong global growth, increased export revenue and a modest recovery in private consumption.

Driven by an ongoing process of economic opening since the 1990s, Mexico has established a solid macroeconomic base. Structural reforms have improved the country’s trade flows, helped to soften the impact of a gradual slowdown in hydrocarbons production and exports, and enabled manufacturing-led economic diversification and regional integration.

Rapid macroeconomic growth has worked to strengthen trade and investment in the Philippines. Build, Build, Build – the government’s infrastructure development agenda – is supporting soaring imports, while the fast-growing manufacturing export base remains an economic mainstay.

One of East Africa’s largest economies and most popular tourist destinations, Tanzania is reputed for its stability in the region. Its extractive wealth, favourable climate for agriculture, and natural assets such as Mount Kilimanjaro and the Serengeti National Park have helped it build a relatively high rate of growth over the last decade, averaging 6-7% per year.

Sharjah has long played an important economic and cultural role in the UAE, and boasts one of the most diversified economies by regional standards, with no individual sector accounting for more than 20% of GDP.