• Economy

    OBG provides coverage of the major macro-economic trends within local economies, including GDP growth, government budgeting, public debt, balance of payments, monetary policy and long-term development strategies.
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A key institution in the enactment of Vision 2030, the Public Investment Fund (PIF) is one of the world’s largest sovereign wealth funds. The PIF became the fifth-largest sovereign wealth fund in the world in April 2022 with $620bn in terms of assets, following a $40bn contribution in February 2022 from a 4% share in Saudi Aramco, the Kingdom’s oil and gas producer.

While Saudi Arabia has long been a key market for many multinational corporations, these have often headquartered themselves elsewhere in the region, with only a secondary presence in the Kingdom. This is changing, however, as the market opens up more to international businesses and a new policy begins to take effect. Known as Programme HQ, this new policy aims to attract...

From remote work to widespread job losses, the Covid-19 pandemic dramatically changed the way people work. These interruptions are likely to have a significant impact on the labour market well into the future. In a briefing from June 2021, the UN said that many emerging markets in particular were experiencing a “full-blown unemployment crisis” that was exacerbating existing...

With increasing oil and gas prices and an expanding non-oil sector, Saudi Arabia has been logging record trade surpluses in recent years, while securing government revenue for future investment. Saudi Arabia is expected to be among the fastest-growing economies in the G20 in 2022 – and the Kingdom was on track to fulfil that forecast by the middle of the year. Indeed, in the...

Chapter | The Guide from The Report: Saudi Arabia 2022

The Guide contains listings of accommodation options throughout the country for both business and leisure travellers. Helpful information is provided on visa regulations and business etiquette, as well as public and private transport options for navigating the country during your stay.

Chapter | Security, Aerospace & Defence from The Report: Saudi Arabia 2022

Saudi Arabia’s defence expenditure was the sixth highest worldwide in 2021, behind the US, China, India, Russia and the UK. The localisation of industry, and enhanced research and development are core to Vision 2030, the government’s long-term blueprint for development. Given the defence sector’s traditional prominence in the annual budget, it is among the areas targeted to propel the...

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