• Agriculture

    OBG investigates the key pressures and developments affecting local agriculture, particularly where a country is dependent on plantations or forestry to maintain GNP. It also highlights the output trends and technological advances in areas such as irrigation techniques and land reclamation.
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In 2018 Mexico’s economy ranked second in Latin America and 15th in the world in terms of GDP, which totalled $1.22trn, according to the World Bank. In 2019 the newly elected President Andrés Manuel López Obrador has pushed ahead with efforts to meet his pledge to tackle corruption and implement austerity measures within the government, to reduce costs and curb excessive expenditures.

Global food demand is expected to increase by anywhere between 59% to 98% by 2050. However, global freshwater resources are already overstretched due to climate change and soaring population growth, and it is unclear how agricultural production will keep up with these challenges. In recent years climate-induced water shortages in urban areas have brought water scarcity to the...

In what ways can Papua New Guinea move closer to food security and self-sufficiency?

Prime Minister James Marape is intent on putting agriculture, forestry and fisheries at the forefront of the government’s development agenda, with an eye to boost downstream processing of farmed resources. As attempts to galvanise the sector spur the development of Papua New Guinea’s key crops and catches, reforms are under way to ensure the country maximises the potential of...

Papua New Guinea’s efforts to establish special economic zones (SEZs) began in 2000 with the passing of the Free Trade Zones Act. However, PNG has yet to develop its first SEZ due to conflicts between the central and provincial governments, resulting in policy inconsistency and land disputes. For example, in February 2018 Allan Bird, governor of East Sepik Province, issued a...

Forestry is not only about forest production. It involves finding a balance between economic opportunity and conservation that ensures future generations will also benefit from the land and forests. PNG has a forest cover of about 78%, and while that seems high, it should be somewhere between 80% and 90%. One of our advantages is that we are able to learn from other regions....

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