The pharmaceuticals industry in Libya has witnessed significant transformations in recent years, primarily driven by government investment. These initiatives have resulted in the establishment of public pharmaceuticals companies and the construction of hospitals and medical supply factories. The public and private sectors are actively engaged in ensuring that Libyans have access to high-quality medical supplies and medications, with the private sector playing an increasingly pivotal role in reshaping the health care landscape.

Despite notable progress, the pharmaceuticals industry faces several challenges, primarily centred around the scarcity of medicines and medical supplies. The need to ensure accessibility has driven government policies around price setting, despite the implications this has for the profitability of private enterprises in the sector. The industry’s functioning is further complicated by intricate rules and procedures governing medicine registration, selection, procurement, distribution and usage.

As it stands, 80% of pharmaceuticals and medical consumables are imported to Africa rather than being locally manufactured. Private involvement could help to change this picture. The ability to turn a profit will allow private pharmaceuticals manufacturers to establish a presence in Misrata and elsewhere in North Africa. Facilitating private investment in health care suggests the sector is moving in a positive direction.

Strengthening health care in Libya necessitates collaborative endeavours across various fields, including pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, medical equipment, and health care management and facilities. Solutions to enhance the medical care system and prepare for future pandemics can be achieved through a number of key measures. First, private companies can contribute by providing high-quality health services via hospitals, clinics, laboratories, medicine and vaccine distribution, ambulance fleets and insurance provision. Second, collaboration with international humanitarian organisations like the UN Development Programme and the German Agency for International Cooperation can offer resources, funding and technical expertise to tackle sector challenges. Such partnerships can upgrade infrastructure, improve access to services and enhance preparedness for public health emergencies.

Streamlining logistics and supply chain management is crucial for the success and sustainability of the sector at a national level and its local operability in Misrata. This entails establishing efficient distribution systems to ensure a seamless flow of medical supplies and equipment to health care providers. Collaborative efforts involving the government, health care providers, international organisations and the private sector are essential to achieving this objective.

While Libya’s health care sector has made notable strides, there remains significant potential for growth and improvement. Initiatives involving international organisations and the government can address challenges, upgrade infrastructure and mitigate public health emergencies. By enhancing logistics and supply chain management, the country’s health care sector can be strengthened to meet the needs of its citizens.