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Chapter | Tourism from The Report: Morocco 2020

Morocco’s geographical variety, combined with favourable weather conditions and its proximity to key European tourist markets, have made it one of the most attractive and competitive destinations in Africa. The country’s attractiveness as a tourist hot-spot has been strengthened by its consistently stable political and economic situation relative to the region. Like most critical sectors in the Moroccan economy, tourism has benefitted from a dedicated sector development strategy, the most recent of which is Vision 2020. However, while arrival figures have been improving, overall results have remained below expectations. This has triggered a re-evaluation of sector policy as the kingdom attempts to increase the sector’s weight in the economy. Continuous investment to promote the country’s brand to both established and new source markets will be essential going forward. This chapter contains an interview with Nadia Fettah Alaoui, Minister of Tourism, Air Transport, Handicrafts and Social Economy.

Chapter | Agriculture & Fisheries from The Report: Morocco 2020

The agriculture sector has grown exponentially since the implementation of the Green Morocco Plan in 2008. The plan has achieved most of its goals and increased the value of the sector through the development of traditional crops, better marketing, improved supply chains and subsidised drip-irrigation equipment. However, the slow establishment of adequate refrigeration space and transport networks to carry produce to the market in a timely manner has led to instances of spoilage. Mechanisation levels have improved, but many small-scale farming operations continue to face obstacles to finance their equipment needs. Mitigating the effects of climate change will also determine the future of agriculture in Morocco. Although government measures have helped align water-saving measures with sector practices, water management will be increasingly critical as higher temperatures become the norm and population growth puts further pressure on hydraulic resources. This chapter contains an interview Abdelhamid Aboulkassim, President, Moroccan Interprofessional Federation of Organic Agriculture.

Chapter | ICT from The Report: Morocco 2020

Greater promotion and adoption of digital solutions has the potential to shift the backbone of the kingdom’s ICT sector beyond just telecommunications. While international rankings place the kingdom among some of the best-performing countries in both the North African region and the continent of Africa in ICT-related indices, infrastructure development and upgrades must be strengthened in order to create more inclusive and productive development. Enhanced and updated training programmes will be crucial to changing mindsets on the benefits of technology, as well as preparing the current and future workforce to overcome modern challenges. With the kingdom’s regulatory framework moving in the right direction, ICT developments will continue to bridge national divides and cement Morocco’s position as one of the most important players on the African continent. This chapter contains an interview with Mohammed Drissi Melyani, CEO, Digital Development Agency.

Chapter | Construction & Real Estate from The Report: Morocco 2020

Morocco’s construction sector has performed moderately well since the global financial crisis of 2007-08. Public policy efforts have also been directed towards supporting local small and medium-sized enterprises and upskilling workers. For Morocco’s construction sector to achieve its target of generating $8.4bn by 2022, it will need to maintain a steady momentum of public investment. At the same time, efforts to upgrade the legal framework in order to enable effective public-private partnership projects, formalise small-scale subcontractors and upskill the workforce will be required to raise productivity and increase the value of infrastructure projects. Meanwhile, the real estate sector recorded a subdued performance on most indicators in 2019, as prices and demand continued to fall or show little improvement. Nevertheless, construction will drive on across all real estate segments, as Morocco experiences rapid population and economic growth. This chapter contains interviews with Nouzha Bouchareb, Minister of National Planning, Urban Planning, Housing and Urban Policy; and Nawfal Bendefa, Managing Partner, REIM Partners.

Chapter | Transport & Logistics from The Report: Morocco 2020

Upgrades in transport and logistics infrastructure have been key to driving economic growth in Morocco in recent years. As the country develops and urban areas expand, the interconnectivity of economic centres and efficient connections to the rest of the world will be paramount to supporting the growth of other sectors, such as agriculture, manufacturing and tourism. While the transportation and logistics sector continues to grow in value and volume, efficiency remains an issue, and local players continue to face relatively high operational costs. Nevertheless, the modernisation of equipment and better integration of transportation modes, coupled with an increased digitisation of processes, are supporting the sector’s development. This chapter contains an interview with Nadia Laraki, Managing Director, National Ports Agency.

Chapter | Energy & Utilities from The Report: Morocco 2020

The energy sector is poised for promising medium-term growth as it continues to receive significant public and private investment to expand generation capacity and distribution networks. At the same time, efforts to increase the role of renewable resources and natural gas in the country’s energy mix are set to lower the energy import bill and reduce fossil fuel emissions. However, in order to ensure that private investment objectives are met, upgrades to the sector’s regulatory framework will need to be completed. Meanwhile, Morocco has already shown that it can be a reliable partner in the exploration and development of hydrocarbons resources, and the policies it is currently pursuing should help the country reduce its reliance on imports in the years ahead. This chapter contains an interview with Abderrahim El Hafidi, General Director, National Office for Electricity and Drinking Water; and Saïd Mouline, CEO, Moroccan Agency for Energy Efficiency.

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