Etiquette & Dress
Hospitality plays a central role in Emirati culture and is also present in business interactions. Whether in business or social interactions, longer greetings are an important prelude before proceeding to other matters. Handshakes are common as a greeting in business settings, but it is not advisable to shake a woman’s hand unless she initiates the gesture. Honorific titles play an important role: one should use “His Excellency” for government ministers, “Sheikh” with men and “Sheikha” with women for members of the royal family. Etiquette also plays a role in food and drink: it can be impolite to refuse tea or coffee when offered and it can be offensive to pass or receive food with your left hand. Abu Dhabi is very cosmopolitan, which lends itself to a liberal atmosphere, but as a matter of respect it is important to dress in a sufficiently conservative manner and to observe social norms regarding public behaviour. While Emiratis may wear traditional Arab robes, business suits are advised for visitors.
Hours & Holidays
The UAE is three or four hours ahead of GMT, depending on the season. There is no daylight saving time when clocks are altered elsewhere. Friday and Saturday are the weekend. UAE National Day is on December 2. With the exception of Ramadan, normal business hours are 8.00am-2.30pm for the public sector and 9.00am-5.00pm in the private sector. Hours during Ramadan can vary, so it is best to confirm schedules in advance. It is imperative that non-Muslims do not eat or drink in public during daylight hours during Ramadan. Muslim holidays are calculated according to the lunar calendar.
The country code for the UAE is +971 followed by the national codes 02 for Abu Dhabi City and Al Gharbia. GSM SIM cards can be obtained with a passport at Etisalat or du stores.
Electrical outlets in Abu Dhabi are designed to take the UK-style, square, three-pin sockets, while the electricity supply is 220/240V at 50 Hz.
English is widely spoken throughout social and professional settings. Arabic is the official language and legal documents must be written or translated into Arabic before they can be submitted to official state agencies. Given Abu Dhabi’s cosmopolitan character, many other languages are spoken as well, such as Hindi, Urdu and Tagalog.
Upon arrival at Abu Dhabi International Airport, luggage will be x-rayed and DVDs, videos, CDs, magazines or books may be held temporarily until approved by officials. The limit for undeclared cash carried into the country is Dh40,000 ($10,800).
Passport holders from the US, Canada, Australia, Western Europe and some Asian nations can receive free visitor visas for between 30 and 90 days upon arrival at the airport. Citizens of GCC countries do not require a visa to enter. Citizens of all other countries should confirm visa regulations before travelling as they may need sponsorship.
Taxis are widely available, reasonably inexpensive and have modern metres that allow passengers to easily verify the fare. Taxi stands are available at shopping centres, though taxis can also be hailed in the street or booked in advance by telephone. The city is well served by long-distance buses, and there are also routes to Al Ain and Dubai.
Visitors unfamiliar with the Arabian Peninsula region may find the weather difficult to handle. In the summer months the temperature rarely drops below 40°C. During the hottest months, travellers are advised to spend most of their time indoors.
Abu Dhabi is home to high-quality health care facilities and English-speaking staff are common. Locals have free access to health care, but tourists and non-residents should buy medical insurance.
The UAE dirham is the national currency. While credit cards are widely accepted, it is advisable to have cash on hand for smaller shops and for taxis. Airport exchanges carry a wide variety of currencies.
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