This chapter includes the following articles.
Bold plans to improve food security and production in Oman are being driven by investment in agriculture, horticulture, aquaculture and sea fishing as the country looks for sustainable solutions that will enable it to support a growing population. The sultanate’s long coastline and diverse landscapes support a rich variety of fish, livestock, crops, fruit and vegetables. However, the country’s farmers have historically faced significant challenges in managing a limited, though replenishable, supply of water in a predominantly hot desert climate. As Oman increases food production targets, new technologies and farming systems look set to play a crucial role in complementing traditional production techniques. At a time of lower oil prices, the government has identified agriculture and fisheries as sectors that can expand to account for a greater share of GDP.