This chapter includes the following articles.
Landlocked in part by its rapidly industrialising neighbour, China, Mongolia’s potential for manufacturing and other industry is limited by factors beyond its control. The government has responded to these challenges by focusing on areas of competitive advantage. Cashmere, for which Mongolia could supply up to 30% of the world, has proven an excellent export commodity, and producers are hoping to boost the amount processed in country. One related strategy is for Mongolia to develop itself as a brand for premium agricultural products, trading on its image as a remote and spiritual land. The government’s plans for traditional industrial development, meanwhile, depend on the development of Sainshand Industrial Complex, which will specialise in processing Mongolia’s abundant mineral resources. This chapter features an interview with T. Badamjunai, Minister of Food, Agriculture and Light Industry.