This chapter includes the following articles.
The health care system in Mongolia is in transition, moving away from a comprehensive yet out-dated Soviet model to a more private sector-focused approach. This shift, combined with the government’s openness to public-private partnerships, indicates an opening for foreign investors to make gains in this sector. Key challenges including fighting non-communicable, lifestyle diseases, and bridging the gap between urban and rural health care quality. In education, meanwhile, a similar communist-to-capitalist transition is occurring. The government spends up to 20% of its GDP on education, a considerable sum that it must now orient towards training Mongolians for a market economy. In the secondary and tertiary markets, private schools are in high demand.