This chapter includes the following articles.
Agriculture has long been a critical pillar of Egypt’s economy, strengthened by the rich natural conditions around the Nile. The country produces an array of fruits, vegetables, cereals, cotton, sugar and livestock for both domestic consumption and export. Despite challenging global factors, and growing concerns regarding the effects of climate change and urbanisation on water security, the agricultural sector continues to thrive. The country continues to tap into new markets, even amid the Covid-19 pandemic. Indeed, agricultural exports are strong, and by mid-May 2020 Egypt’s exports were more than half of the whole of 2019. New research and innovation initiatives will be key in teaching the next generation of farmers and sector officials improved methods, with the hope that these technologies will in time trickle down to the country’s small-scale farmers and set up the sector for a strong future.