Ghana Transport

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The Republic of Ghana has experienced two peaceful handovers of power in the two decades since it has returned to civilian, multiparty democracy and has gained a deserved reputation as a bastion of stability. However, in recent years, it has been the country’s economic performance in the headlines. 

Ports in Ghana are struggling to keep up with the demands of the expanding economy, which are being fuelled by the rapidly developing energy industry and increasing domestic consumption. However, new investments being channelled into the maritime services sector should ease some of the pressure.
Tema, Ghana’s largest port, has made global headlines recently over the “crippling disruptions” caused by an impounded Argentinean military ship blocking a busy berth. The obstruction has come at an inopportune time for Tema, where activity should be ramping up to the peak pre-Christmas period. It also highlights the importance of ongoing efforts to enhance capacity and efficiency both at Tema and Takoradi, the country’s second-largest port.

Located on Africa’s western coast, Ghana is home to 24m people and a variety of ethnic groups. The country is divided into 10 administrative regions and has a strong executive branch, a unicameral legislature made up of 230 members, and an independent judiciary.

Chapter | Transport from The Report: Ghana 2012

Accounting for 10.1% of GDP in 2011, the transport sector in Ghana is comparable to several other countries within the same income bracket in the region. Major increases in imports and exports in recent years, along with the relatively recent development of oil and gas production, have helped push the expansion of transport and logistics in the country, with traffic at the two seaports having...

After experiencing significant growth over the past 12 months, Ghana’s air transport sector potential is beginning to be realised, with volumes up for both the international and domestic markets. However, this success has brought its own challenges in terms of capacity constraints, while more could be done to encourage further growth and fully...