Ghana Transport Articles & Analysis

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Rapid economic development, demographic growth and regional dynamics have put increasing pressure on Ghana’s transportation system over the past decade, and it has at times struggled to keep pace. Rather than allow the transportation sector to become a victim of the country’s success, the government has pushed forward infrastructure...

Chapter | Transport from The Report: Ghana 2016

Rapid economic development, demographic growth and regional dynamics have put increasing pressure on Ghana’s transportation system over the past decade, and it has at times struggled to keep pace. Rather than allow the transportation sector to become a victim of the country’s success, the government has pushed forward infrastructure development projects, with the private sector encouraged to...

Situated on the Gulf of Guinea in West Africa, Ghana’s natural resource wealth and status as a stable democracy have helped make it a prominent player in the region. It is the world’s second-largest exporter of cocoa, behind Côte d’Ivoire, and one of the continent’s largest gold producers. Recently discovered reserves of oil and gas have powered the economy to double-digit growth in the past decade.

Several years of rapid hydrocarbons-fuelled growth in Ghana have put increasing pressure on its transport infrastructure, prompting a spate of expansion projects that will increase capacity for bulk and container handling, as well as specialised oilfields services. 

Competitive among local and international players, Ghana’s logistics sector has grown in parallel with the economy and is on course to continue this trend, given rising demand and the government’s efforts to promote foreign investment. However, bureaucracy and human resource shortages remain as key challenges.

Air travel is growing rapidly in Ghana, as the country’s population takes to the sky and more tourists and businesspeople visit the country. Plans are under way to develop Ghana’s major airports to keep pace with growing demand, while the government is also seeking a private investor to help re-establish a national airline.