Egypt Industry

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Since the late 2000s energy production has lagged behind consumption, and a shortage of natural gas has left industrial customers scrambling for solutions. Growth in upstream production failed to keep up with downstream demand, with both oil and gas production falling below historical highs. However, as new upstream discoveries have come on-...

Chapter | Industry & Retail from The Report: Egypt 2018

With a large consumer base, skilled labour force, strategic geographic location and a series of pro-business government efforts to streamline licensing and operations, Egypt’s industrial sector is an attractive proposition. While challenges remain, there are new local and export-focused opportunities for increased investment – particularly with the ongoing construction of a new capital. While...

As Egypt enters 2018, a newly liberalised local currency and the recent implementation of a much-anticipated investment framework have left the country well positioned for continued economic expansion: the IMF expects GDP growth to reach 4.5% in 2018 and accelerate to around 6% over the medium term.

Several major multinational manufacturers have announced plans to expand production in Egypt and use the country as a regional manufacturing base on the back of an improving macroeconomic outlook.


Sourcing natural gas is one of the chief obstacles for Egypt’s heavy industries, as shortages have persisted since 2014 (see Energy chapter). Gas is sold through the state-owned Egyptian Natural Gas Holding Company (EGAS), which has prioritised supply to the power sector and residential consumers. This has left industrial buyers facing...


Egypt has a well-established system of special zones, industrial zones and free zones, overseen primarily by the General Authority for Investment and Free Zones (GAFI). The current zones system was established in 1997 and includes 10 public free zones clustered in and around Cairo, Alexandria and in areas close to Cairo’s waterways.

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