Egypt Energy Articles & Analysis

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Although the world remains largely dependent upon fossil fuels for power generation, a gradual transition towards renewable sources has been taking place since the 1990s, underpinned by multilateral deals such as the Kyoto Protocol, the Doha Amendment and, more recently, the Paris Agreement. Investment and development in renewable technologies...

As Egypt is the most-populous Arab nation and third-most populous in Africa, population pressure is driving the nation’s economic agenda, with an estimated 3.5m young Egyptians entering the labour force by 2023. Recent years have seen an array of public initiatives aimed at encouraging private sector activity, but these remain hampered by a challenging economic backdrop and structural hurdles.

Egypt has taken a major step towards reasserting itself as a regional energy hub, halting the import of liquefied natural gas (LNG) following a recent surge in domestic gas production.

Egypt has moved to lessen the burden of utilities provision on state spending, implementing a series of subsidy cuts amid ongoing economic reforms.

New discoveries have brought confidence that natural gas imports, currently the primary fuel source for Egypt’s power plants, will decline significantly once the fields start producing. The government will no doubt be looking to this new production to supply the ever-increasing demand, leading to energy self-sufficiency and, eventually, surplus.

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Egypt continues to strive not just for energy independence, but to return to its status as a regional exporter. With oil and gas fields in the Gulf of Suez, the Mediterranean Sea and the Western Desert, the country has been a site of energy exploration since the early 20th century. This has led not only to substantial oil production, but also...