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Indonesia’s economy experienced a milder slowdown in 2020 than its ASEAN-5 neighbours, according the IMF’s April 2021 World Economic Outlook, and also fared better than 16 other G20 members.
Construction – and infrastructure development in particular – is expected to be a key driver of economic growth across ASEAN from 2021. The bloc, home to some of the world’s fastest-growing economies and lowest unemployment rates, faced the novel coronavirus after years of health care infrastructure improvements, with much of the group reporting Covid-19 case-fatality rates below the global mean in 2020.
Alongside rising GDP and manageable public debt levels, Indonesia’s banks maintained robust performance in the six months leading to the pandemic. Monetary measures by the central bank to address headwinds in 2020 included lowering the reverse repo rate and purchasing government debt.